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Do you know your Dr's ABC?

posted 13 Dec 2013, 08:01 by Unknown user   [ updated 16 Dec 2013, 01:14 ]
Some of the terms you learn on your First Aid training course can help you remember what to do in real life incidents and in what order you should do them. The Dr's ABC is a great way to help you complete the primary survey of a casualty, so remember:

D - Danger. Check the area, make sure YOU are safe and so are people around you.

R - Response. Can the casualty hear your voice? Can they open and close their eyes? are there any movements? Do they respond to touch?

S - Shout for help. You will most likely require someone to help you call the emergency services while you attend to the casualty.

A - Airway. You should ensure that your casualty's airway is open and unblocked. If they are unconscious, tilt the head back and lift their chin to open the airway.
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B- Breathing. You need to establish if your casualty is breathing normally - look, listen and feel for breaths. If your casualty is unconscious but breathing normally, they should be placed in the recovery position. If the casualty is unconscious and not breathing, you should dial 999 / 112 for the emergency services and start CPR.

C- Circulation. Look for signs of severe bleeding once the other checks have been made. Pressure should be applied to the bleeds and the affected limb raise above heart level. The casualty should be monitored and treated for signs of shock.

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